What Are The Diseases Of Cotton?

What are the two types of cotton?

Actually, there are four types of cotton grown commercially worldwide:Gossypium hirsutum – upland cotton, native to Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean.Gossypium barbadense – known as extra-long staple cotton, native to tropical South America.Gossypium arboreum – tree cotton, native to India and Pakistan.More items…•.

Which plant disease is caused by virus?

INTRODUCTIONRankVirusAuthor of virus description1Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)Karen‐Beth G. Scholthof2Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)Scott Adkins3Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV)Henryk Czosnek4Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)Peter Palukaitis6 more rows•Oct 21, 2011

How do you control crop diseases?

A variety of chemicals are available that have been designed to control plant diseases by inhibiting the growth of or by killing the disease-causing pathogens. Chemicals used to control bacteria (bactericides), fungi (fungicides), and nematodes (nematicides) may be applied to seeds, foliage, flowers, fruit, or soil.

What country has the best cotton?

The top cotton producing countries include China, India and the United States respectively. Within the United States, the Southern states traditionally harvest the largest quantities of cotton.

What is the best quality cotton fabric?

Among the finest cottons there is the Egyptian one, grown along the Nile and in the Delta area. The best quality, long fiber, are the Giza 45, of limited production, used to produce the finer fabrics with weight 200/1, and Giza 70. Good Egyptian cottons are also the Giza 85 and Giza 86.

What is the common name of cotton?

Gossypium hirsutumCotton, Gossypium hirsutum, plant facts – Eden Project.

What does cotton look like before it blooms?

So what should you look at on the cotton plant? White flower / white bloom — The first day a bloom opens it is white or a creamy yellow color. … Young boll — As the pink bloom dries down, the young boll pushes its way up, forcing the pink bloom to fall off as a tag. The boll continues to grow as the fiber and seed grow.

What are the common diseases of crops?

Here Are 10 Common Plant Diseases In North America:Blight. Blight is easily recognizable by the sudden death of all plant tissue including leaves, stems, and flowers. … Canker. Canker is identifiable by a dead area on the stem that is often discolored.Gall. … Leaf Curl. … Leaf Spot. … Powdery Mildew. … Root Rot. … Wilt.More items…•

What does 100 percent cotton mean?

“100% cotton” means the fabric is not blended and is made of stronger, softer, and comfortable natural product consisting of fibers picked from the plant.

Which disease of cotton is caused by Colletotrichum capsici?

anthracnosecapsici infect the stem, fruit, and leaves of the plant, causing anthracnose, die-back and ripe fruit rot.

What is the best cotton in the world?

Egyptian cottonAll these factors have resulted in Egyptian cotton being by far the best cotton in the world. Fabrics made of Egyptian Cotton are softer, finer and last longer than any other cotton in the world.

Which plant disease is caused by fungus?

Some fungal diseases occur on a wide range of vegetables. These diseases include Anthracnose; Botrytis rots; Downy mildews; Fusarium rots; Powdery mildews; Rusts; Rhizoctonia rots; Sclerotinia rots; Sclerotium rots.