What Are The Factors Responsible For Post Harvest Losses In Fruits?

How can we reduce post harvest losses of fruits and vegetables?

6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest LossesAssess maturity.

Check your water quality.

Check your water temperature.

Avoid injury.

Keep your produce cool.

Proper Storage..

What is the meaning of post harvest losses?

Definition. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system. This definition must also take into account cases of product deterioration.

What factors contribute to the spoilage of vegetables?

The presence of air, high humidity, and high temperature as extrinsic factors during storage of vegetables and fruits increases the chances of microbial growth and spoilage.

How can we reduce post harvest losses?

Reducing losses after hard-won harvests is a key piece of these efforts. Proper drying and storage of durably stored product crops reduces the length and severity of the “hunger season” between harvests and keeps families healthier due to increased availability of adequate, nutritious, and safe food.

What is post harvest management of fruits and vegetables?

Postharvest technologies such as controlled ripening, edible coating, temperature management, and chemical treatment methods are potential tools to reduce FV postharvest losses, increase food and nutritional security and alleviate poverty in SSA.

How do you overcome post harvest losses?

Losses can be minimized by physically avoiding the entry of insects and rodents, and maintaining the environmental conditions that avoid growth of microorganisms. The knowledge of control points during harvesting and drying before storage can help in reducing losses during the storage of cereals.

What are the causes of postharvest losses?

Loss is also caused by employment of improper harvesting methods such as: Rough handling; untimely harvesting; lack of appropriate and/or poorly-designed harvesting tools, equipment, and harvesting containers.

What are the factors to consider before during and after harvesting?

While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.

What are the 3 factors that cause the deterioration of fresh vegetables?

Summarygrowth and activities of micro-organisms, principally bacteria, yeasts and moulds;activities of natural food enzymes;insects, parasites and rodents;temperature, both heat and cold;time.

What are post harvesting activities?

Post-harvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing. … Occasionally, losses may be 100%, for example when there is a price collapse and it would cost the farmer more to harvest and market the produce than to plough it back into the ground.

What factors cause food changes?

Major causes of food deterioration include the following:growth and activities of micro-organisms, principally bacteria, yeasts and moulds;activities of natural food enzymes;insects, parasites and rodents;temperature, both heat and cold;time.

How can we prevent food deterioration?

How to preserve food in the fridgeKeep meat uncut and wrapped until ready to eat. … Evenly place food items on the shelves.Avoid washing fresh produce. … Hot food items should be cooled first.Freeze small quantities of food at a time. … Store washed fresh herbs in zip lock bags. … Keep frequently used items at the front.